Effects of four different varieties of oilseed rape zarfam, licord, hyola 401, and slm046 on biological aspects and fecundity. University of dundee doctor of philosophy molecular. Susceptibility of myzus persicae, brevicoryne brassicae. Pdf on jan 1, 2004, beata gabrys and others published cabbage aphid, brevicoryne brassicae l. The performance of brevicoryne brassicae on ornamental. Pest damage occurs on the cabbage leaves and transmits plant viruses blackman and eastop 2000. Ys parmar university of horticulture and forestry, nauni, hp. Four biopesticides based on the epf beauveria bassiana botanigard es and naturalis l, cordyceps fumosorosea s. Evaluation of resistance of canola genotypes to cabbage aphid brevicoryne brassicae l.
The essential oils of nepeta cataria and lavandula augustifola were the most toxic with ld50s of 1. If you have any questions, or need the bot to ignore the links, or the page altogether, please visit this simple faq for additional information. Metabolite concentrations in the phloem sap, which influence aphid growth, changed particularly under drought stress. This aphid is globally distributed, located in all but the. Photograph by lyle buss, university of florida, entomology and nematology department. A novel virus isolated from the aphid brevicoryne brassicae with similarity to hymenoptera picornalike viruses. Commonly, life table parameters have been used to compare insect fitness on different varieties. Mousavianzabi sh, nourighanbalani g, eivazi a, ranji h, 20. In insects of hawaii, a manual of the insects of the hawaiian islands, including enumeration of the species and notes on their origin, distribution, hosts, parasites, etc. Abstract the essential oils of lavandula augustifola, rosmarinus officinalis, nepeta cataria and origanum majorana applied by fumigation were highly toxic to the cabbage aphids brevicoryne brassicae. Flight behaviour of the black bean aphid, aphis fabae, and the cabbage aphid, brevicoryne brassicae, in host and non. Brevicoryne brassicae and their associated fitness effects. Resistance to the cabbage aphid brevicoryne brassicae in. It is also a vector of over 100 plant viruses including in many important crops.
Gabrys b 1999 semiochemicals in the biology and ecology of the cabbage aphid. Effect of certain brassica plants on biology of the cabbage aphid brevicoryne brassicae under laboratory conditions springerlink. In 1990 and 1991, populations of the cabbage aphid, brevicoryne brassicae, and. In nature, herbivorous insects and plant pathogens are generally abundant when plants are flowering. Cambridge core institutional access books catalogue individuals. Brevicoryne brassicae is an aphid species that feeds primarily on crucifers in all temperate and tropical regions of the world. In insects of hawaii, a manual of the insects of the hawaiian islands, including enumeration of the species and notes on. The host plants of the cabbage aphid, brevicoryne brassicae l, are restricted to the cruciferae and resedaceae 2 in which mustard oil glucosides are characteristically present 3. Life table is a powerful tool to determine survival rate, n. Brevicoryne brassicae used in these experiments were collected from rape field of saveh and transferred to laboratory. Presented for the degree of doctor of philosophy at the university of dundee. Aphid performance was influenced by increasing atmospheric co 2 levels, significantly affecting the intrinsic rate of increase r m, finite rate of. Laboratory assessment of insecticidal properties of. Effect of certain brassica plants on biology of the.
Adobe acrobat pdf document outlining pesticides available to gardeners biology. Hossein allahyari, mohammad reza nematollahi, alireza saboori, effect of host plant on biology and life table parameters of brevicoryne brassicae hemiptera. Gabrys b 1999 semiochemicals in the biology and ecology. Gabrys 2008 provides a concise account of the biology and pest status of brevicoryne brassicae. Glossyleaved forms of brussels sprouts and marrowstem kale were found to be highly resistant to aphid, although the resistance appeared to be directly related to the lack of cuticular wax. Insecticidal activity and biochemical composition of. On three cultivars of oilseed rape brassica napus l. Water stress and aphid feeding differentially influence. The cabbage aphid brevicoryne brassicae is a serious pest and requires high chemical inputs for adequate control. Muhammad asif aziz, muhammad irfan, imran bodlah and muhammad hanif. Nymphs, apterous and alate aphids were significantly different on day three and day 15 among tested varieties. The aphids feed on many varieties of produce, including cabbage, broccoli especially, brussels sprouts, cauliflower and many other members of the genus brassica, but do not feed on plants outside of the family. Nottingham agriculture and food research council linked research group in aphid biology, imperial college of science, technology and medicine, london. Cabbage aphids, brevicoryne brassicae, linnaeus colony or cluster on a cabbage stem.
Pdf biology of cabbage aphid, brevicoryne brassicae l. Abstract the cabbage aphid, brevicoryne brassicae, is a pest of many plants of the brassicaceae family including cabbage, brassica oleracea. Gabrys 2008 provides a concise account of the biology and pest status of brevicoryne brassicae in the encyclopedia of entomology. The cabbage aphid, brevicoryne brassicae, is scattered in many parts of the world rivnay 1962 and is present in most parts of iran, especially in the central areas khanjani 2006. Biology and feeding potential of coccinella transversalis. Brevicoryne brassicae, brassica, life table, development, fecundity, agestage twosex. Download fulltext pdf biology and ecology of the cabbage aphid, brevicoryne brassicae linn. Caterpillars induce jasmonates in flowers and alter plant. Antifungal new oxepinecontaining alkaloids and xanthones. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of entomopathogenic fungi epf for the control of aphid pests of field vegetable crops. Espesye sa insekto nga una nga gihulagway ni linnaeus ni adtong 1758 ang brevicoryne brassicae.
Abundance, growth rate and parasitism of brevicoryne brassicae. Brevicoryne brassicae an overview sciencedirect topics. Aphididae, were studied on cauliflower leaves, brassica oleracea var. Different plants belonging to the crucifer family brassicaceae act as a host for this aphid. Antifungal bioassaydirected fractionation was used to isolate two new oxepinecontaining alkaloids 1 and 2, two new 4arylquinolin. Predators like coccinellids, syrphids, and chrysopids, and. Phytopathogenic fungi remain a continuous and huge threat in the agricultural fields. Flight behaviour of the black bean aphid, aphis fabae, and. An brevicoryne brassicae in nahilalakip ha genus nga brevicoryne.
This paper concerns three different aphid pests of field vegetable crops. Temperature dependent life history traits of brevicoryne brassicae l. Brevicoryne brassicae, commonly known as the cabbage aphid or cabbage aphis, is a destructive aphid plant louse native to europe that is now found in many other areas of the world. General information about brevicoryne brassicae brvcbr eppo global database. Synomonemediated interactions between the parasitoid.
Brevicoryne brassicae knowledge master university of hawaii. Biology and life table parameters of brevicoryne brassicae. The biology of the cabbage aphid, brevicoryne brassicae l. Effect of temperature on the biological parameters of the cabbage. Ang brevicoryne brassicae sakop sa kahenera nga brevicoryne sa kabanay. The agrochemical industry has made great development of the use of microbial natural products, which has been regarded as an effective strategy against phytopathogenic fungi. Aphididae, is a key pest of oilseed rape, brassica napus l. Department of biology, national university of lesotho, p. Parasitized cabbage aphids, brevicoryne brassicae linnaeus, produced fewer offspring than. The present investigation was conducted to study the biology and consumption rate of coccinellid predator, coccinella transversalis fab. Resistance to the cabbage aphid brevicoryne brassicae. Thus, plants face a diversity of attackers during their reproductive phase. Aphididae, is a serious pest native to europe but now found globally 1, 2, and it causes significant losses to economically important crops, including broccoli, oilseed rape, brussels sprouts, cauliflower, black and white mustard, toria, chinese cabbage, kale, and other field crops 1.
Host preference and performance of cabbage aphid brevicoryne brassicae were studied on seven brassica varieties under greenhouse. Mealy cabbage aphid overwinters on its host plants as eggs that are laid on stems in. Combined biotic stresses trigger similar transcriptomic. Cambridge core ecology and conservation biological control by george e. African journal of agricultural research host preference. The development time, mortality, survivorship and reproduction of the cabbage aphid brevicoryne brassicae l. Biology and life table parameters of brevicoryne brassicae ncbi. Abstract the present investigation on studies on biology and life table of the cabbage aphid, brevicoryne brassicae l. Effect of host plant on biology and life table parameters of brevicoryne brassicae hemiptera. The effect of different atmospheric co 2 concentrations on life table parameters and the biology of the cabbage aphid, brevicoryne brassicae, when fed on two cultivars of ornamental cabbage, was studied in a greenhouse designed for co 2 studies.
Insecticidal activity of essential oils against cabbage. Latin name brevicoryne brassicae plants affected cabbage, cauliflower, brussels sprout. Brevicoryne brassicae brvcbroverview eppo global database. Hello fellow wikipedians, i have just modified one external link on brevicoryne brassicae. Hafez m 1961 seasonal fluctuations of population density of the cabbage aphid, brevicoryne brassicae l. Genotypes to cabbage aphid brevicoryne brassicae l. Preferal wg, and akanthomyces dipterigenus vertalec were evaluated in a laboratory bioassay against peachpotato aphid myzus. Some species of aphid, known as woolly aphids eriosomatinae, excrete a fluffy wax coating for protection. The effect of constant thermohygrographic factors on the biology of cabbage aphid,brevicoryne brassicae linn. The peach potato aphid, myzus persicae sulzer, 1776, is a generalist species that causes economic losses on many fieldgrown horticultural crops including vegetable brassicas and lettuce. Effect of temperature on the biological parameters of the.
The cabbage aphid, brevicoryne brassicae, sequesters secondary metabolites from its host, stores them and releases chemicals that produce a violent chemical reaction and strong mustard oil smell to repel predators. Paps sulfotransferase from arabidopsis thaliana ecotype col0 and myrosinase from brevicoryne brassicae were successfully mined from the database. Water stress and aphid feeding differentially influence metabolite composition in. Pdf biology of cabbage aphid under laboratory conditions.
Smith, in genetic improvement of vegetable crops, 1993. The cabbage aphid is of agricultural concern because it is a vector of at least 20 viral. This page was last edited on 25 november 2015, at 20. Higher total number of aphids per plant was recorded on brassica carinata and lower on brassica oleracea. Pdf effect of host plant on biology and life table. Direct injury results in the loss of plant vigour and stunted growth. Effect of host plant on biology and life table parameters. Brevicoryne brassicae, commonly known as the cabbage aphid or cabbage aphis, is a destructive aphid plant louse native to europe that is now found in many other areas. Accepted 20 august, 20 the cabbage aphid, brevicoryne brassicae is one of the most serious insect pests of cabbage in. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license. The cabbage aphid, brevicoryne brassicae, is a pest of many plants of the brassicaceae family including cabbage, brassica oleracea linnaeus, 1753. An brevicoryne brassicae in uska species han insecta nga syahan ginhulagway ni linnaeus hadton 1758. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Biosynthesis of the highvalue plant secondary product.653 237 1506 1625 1539 1246 1280 681 665 418 583 477 1222 706 1035 635 822 320 384 111 627 49 911 645 850 389 835 245 592 364 561 402 1120 948 934 1210 1445 471 1318 404 534 1236